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Laurence Daly was born in Fife on 20 October 1924; his father, James Daly, a miner, was a foundation member of the Communist Party, and victimised from working the pits from the 1926 General Strike until 1938.
Laurence left school at 14, went to work down the local pit at Glencraig and joined the Young Communist League (YCL). Daly became active in the miners' union from an early age and, in 1945, represented the British
From 1940 to 1956, Daly was an active member of the Communist Party, although he later claimed to have begun to have serious differences from the very late 1940s.
Jimmy Daly, his father died in 1949 and, from Jan to Oct 1951, Lawrence Daly worked as full time agent for the Party in
In 1957 Daly founded the
Daly was elected to the National Union of Mineworkers Scottish Area EC in 1962, in 1963, the full time agent for the Fife, Clackmannan and Stirling District and, in 1965, General Secretary of the Scottish Area NUM. In 1965 he became a national executive member of NUM.
He joined the Bertrand Russell war crimes tribunal, set up to investigate the reported US atrocities in Vietnam, alongside the likes of Jean-Paul Sartre, James Baldwin, Simone de Beauvoir and Isaac Deutscher. He visited North Vietnam and Auschwitz.
A 1969 surveillance snap of Daly with Bert Ramelson (see separate entry), the Communist Party's influential Industrial Organiser. MI5 noted how Daly, although now out of the Party, still seemed to take its lead on trade union affairs, although characteristically preferring to always meet in a pub!.
In 1968, Daly beat Joe Gormley in the election for the National Union of Mineworkers General Secretaryship. Following a serious road accident in 1975, had prolonged leave of absence. His brother and sister-in-law were killed in the same crash. In 1984, having retired, he settled in Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, but spent the last 10 years of his life in a nursing home in Luton and died on 23rd May 2009.